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In the Unani system of medicine, there are generally two types of cold: hot catarrh and cold catarrh. Updated information suggests that the mucous membrane of the nose and throat becomes inflamed due to bacterial impact and viral attacks, leading to the flow of catarrhal secretion from the nose or dripping in the throat. Coryza refers to the running of the nose, while catarrh describes the secretion flowing in the throat. Children often experience mild cold and cough with fever prior to viral diseases like measles, mumps, and smallpox. The patient may exhibit lethargy, headaches, body aches, and a running nose with cough and throat irritation.

AYUSH Joshanda: A government-approved formulation for enhancing the immune system against respiratory tract infections, also used in viral upper respiratory tract infections and Covid-19. Directions: Take ½ teaspoon in a cup of boiled and filtered water, sweetened with jaggery, honey, or another sweetener, or as directed by the physician.

Barshasha: Extremely useful in catarrh, coryza, nerve-related cough, colic pains, melancholia, and insomnia. Directions: Take 1/4 to 1g mixed in 5g Khamira Gaozaban Ambri.

Daya Qooza: Useful in catarrh and dry cough. Directions: Take 10g with water in the morning or at bedtime.

Habbe-e-Surfa: Useful in dry cough and sore throat. Directions: Suck two pills during a coughing episode.

Joshanda (Packet): A herbal formula for cold, catarrh, sneezing, cough, and sore throat. Directions: Boil the contents in 200ml water, filter, add sugar according to taste, and sip.

Joshanda Concentrate Granules (Ginger, Tulsi): Prepared by obtaining the extract of a renowned Unani prescription (Joshanda) herbs, useful in treating cold, coryza, and cough. Directions: Mix one pouch with lukewarm water and sip like tea.

Khamira-e-Banafsha: Beneficial in all types of fevers, catarrh, coryza, cough, and chest diseases. Directions: Take 10 to 20g with 125ml water or Arq Badiyan.

Khamira-e-Khashkhash: Useful in catarrh, coryza, and cough, also induces sleep. Directions: Take 5 to 10g at bedtime with water.

Kushta Marjan Sada: Useful in cold, cough, and strengthens the heart and brain. Directions: Use 60mg with Khamira Gaozuban Sada twice a day or as directed by the physician.

Lauq Motadil: Useful in catarrh, coryza, and cough, removes dryness from the air passage. Directions: Lick 10-10g in the morning and evening.

Mufeed Joshanda: Useful in catarrh infection, coryza, cold cough, and sore throat. Directions: Take 200ml of water, put the contents in, filter, add honey, sugar, or jaggery, and drink it by sipping, or as directed by the physician.

Sharbat Nazli Khas: Useful in catarrh, cough, coryza, breathing problems, and dry cough.

Sharbat Nazil Khas: Useful in catarrh, cough, respiratory problems, and dryness of lungs. Directions: Take 10ml mixed in a little water.

Tiryaq Nazla: Checks catarrh and gives relief to cough, prolonged use removes chronic catarrh. Directions: Take 5-10g with 50ml Arq Gaozaban.

Note: In addition to the above-mentioned medicines, Itrifal Ustkhuddoos, Kushta Marjan Jawahar wala, and Lauq Sapistan may also be used.


Deafness can result from brain weakness, impacted cerumen, foreign bodies, and infections in the ear. Tinnitus, a sensation of ringing in the ears, can be caused by drug toxicity, anemia, and lack of blood circulation in the ear membrane.

Itrifal Sagheer: Useful in brain diseases, a brain tonic that improves memory. Directions: Take 5 to 10g with warm water at bedtime.

Roghan Samaat Kusha: Relieves hearing sensations diminish or musical sounds after high fever or prolonged fever. Directions: Instill 2 to 3 lukewarm drops in the ear two times a day or as directed by the physician.


People lacking calcium in their blood, suffering from chronic catarrh, or having cardiac, kidney diseases, or dengue fever are prone to epistaxis (nosebleeds). High blood pressure can also lead to epistaxis.

Jawarish Amla Sada: Strengthens the heart, brain, and stomach, stops bilious diarrhea, and decreases liver heat. Directions: Take 5g with 50ml Arq Gaozaban.


Catarrhal secretion in the throat, coryza, and inflammation of the mucous membrane can lead to red and inflamed tonsils. Tonsils may become infected, resulting in fever, difficulty eating, drinking, and cough development.

Itrifal Ghudadi: Useful in scrofula and lymph gland swelling. Directions: Take 10g at night with lukewarm water.

Sharbat Toot Siah: Removes sore throat, pain, and inflammation. Directions: Take 20ml in the morning or lick like a linctus several times a day.

Tonsilex: Useful in tonsillitis, sore throat, ulceration in the throat, and tonsillitis. Directions: Apply with a cotton swab 2-3 times a day. Gargle with a small quantity of warm water mixed with 1/2 spoon of this medicine.

Note: In addition to the above-mentioned medicines, Lauq Sapistan, Khansoleen Jadeed, and Khansyrup may also be used.


When catarrhal and coryzal secretions fall into the throat, affecting the larynx and vocal cords, inflammation, pain, and hoarseness of voice may occur. Excessive consumption of sour and chilled items can contribute to this complaint.

Daoodi: Useful in sore throat and hoarseness of voice. Directions: Suck 1-1 pill in the morning and evening.


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